September 29, 2022

A photo provided by the Pompeii Archaeological Site news agency, showing the latest discoveries in the ancient city of Pompeii, enriching the knowledge about everyday life of middle-class households. The director of the archaeological site, Gabriel Zuchtriegel, said on Saturday, August 6, 2022 that excavations of rooms in a house first excavated in 2018 revealed the environment of ordinary citizens of the city, which flourished before being destroyed. destroyed by the volcanic eruption of Mount Vesuvius in AD 79 Credit: Parco Archeologico di Pompei via AP

A suitcase with the lid left open. A wooden china cabinet, whose shelves collapsed. Three-legged accent tables with decorative bowls on top. These latest discoveries by archaeologists enrich knowledge about middle-class life in Pompeii before the furious eruption of Vesuvius buried the ancient Roman city in volcanic rubble.


The archaeological park of Pompeii, one of Italy’s top tourist attractions, announced the recent finds on Saturday. Its director, Gabriel Zuchtriegel, said the excavation of rooms in a ‘domus’ or house, first excavated in 2018, had revealed precious details about the domestic environment of ordinary citizens of the city, which was destroyed in AD 79.

In recent decades, excavations have largely focused on lavish villas with elaborate frescoes of Pompeii’s upper-class inhabitants. But the archaeological activities at the sprawling site, near modern-day Naples, are increasingly focused on the life of the middle class, as well as servants and other enslaved people.

“In the Roman Empire, there was a large segment of the population struggling with their social status and for whom ‘daily bread’ was anything but self-evident,” Zuchtriegel said. “A vulnerable class during political crises and food shortages, but also ambitious about the climbing the social ladder.”

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The finds revealed on Saturday include furniture and household artifacts in the domus, which was dubbed the House of the Larario for an area of ​​a house dedicated to house spirits known as lares. The house excavated in 2018 has one in the courtyard.

New Pompeii finds peak middle-class life in doomed city

In this image from the Pompeii archaeological site news agency, archaeologists work on the site of a new discovery. The latest discoveries in the ancient city of Pompeii enrich the knowledge of the everyday life of middle-class households. The director of the archaeological site, Gabriel Zuchtriegel, said on Saturday, August 6, 2022 that excavations of rooms in a house first excavated in 2018 revealed the environment of ordinary citizens of the city, which flourished before being destroyed. destroyed by the volcanic eruption of Mount Vesuvius in AD 79 Credit: Parco Archeologico di Pompei via AP

Zuchtriegel noted that although the courtyard also had an exceptionally well-decorated cistern, “the (financial) resources were apparently not enough to decorate the five rooms of the house”. storage.

In one bedroom, archaeologists found the remains of a bed frame with a trail of dust from the pillow. The type of bed is identical to three cot-like beds unearthed last year in a small room in another residence that archaeologists say also served as storage space and sleeping quarters for a family of enslaved residents of Pompeii.

The bedroom findings, released Saturday, also include the remains of a wooden suitcase with an open lid. Although the weight of the beams and ceiling panels that crashed in the wake of the volcanic explosion severely damaged the trunk, among the artifacts found inside was an oil lamp decorated with a bas-relief depicting the ancient Greek deity Zeus restrained in an eagle. is transformed. Nearby was a small round table with three legs, similar to the accent tables in vogue today.

  • New Pompeii finds peak middle-class life in doomed city

    A photo provided by the Pompeii Archaeological Site news agency, showing the latest discoveries in the ancient city of Pompeii, enriching the knowledge about everyday life of middle-class households. The director of the archaeological site, Gabriel Zuchtriegel, said on Saturday, August 6, 2022 that excavations of rooms in a house first excavated in 2018 revealed the environment of ordinary citizens of the city, which flourished before being destroyed. destroyed by the volcanic eruption of Mount Vesuvius in AD 79 Credit: Parco Archeologico di Pompei via AP

  • New Pompeii finds peak middle-class life in doomed city

    A photo provided by the Pompeii Archaeological Site news agency, showing the latest discoveries in the ancient city of Pompeii, enriching the knowledge about everyday life of middle-class households. The director of the archaeological site, Gabriel Zuchtriegel, said on Saturday, August 6, 2022 that excavations of rooms in a house first excavated in 2018 revealed the environment of ordinary citizens of the city, which flourished before being destroyed. destroyed by the volcanic eruption of Mount Vesuvius in AD 79 Credit: Parco Archeologico di Pompei via AP

  • New Pompeii finds peak middle-class life in doomed city

    In this image from the Pompeii archaeological site news agency, an archaeologist works at the site of a new discovery. The latest discoveries in the ancient city of Pompeii enrich the knowledge of the everyday life of middle-class households. The director of the archaeological site, Gabriel Zuchtriegel, said on Saturday, August 6, 2022 that excavations of rooms in a house first excavated in 2018 revealed the environment of ordinary citizens of the city, which flourished before being destroyed. destroyed by the volcanic eruption of Mount Vesuvius in AD 79 Credit: Parco Archeologico di Pompei via AP

  • New Pompeii finds peak middle-class life in doomed city

    A photo provided by the Pompeii Archaeological Site news agency, showing the latest discoveries in the ancient city of Pompeii, enriching the knowledge about everyday life of middle-class households. The director of the archaeological site, Gabriel Zuchtriegel, said on Saturday, August 6, 2022 that excavations of rooms in a house first excavated in 2018 revealed the environment of ordinary citizens of the city, which flourished before being destroyed. destroyed by the volcanic eruption of Mount Vesuvius in AD 79 Credit: Parco Archeologico di Pompei via AP

Uncovering the salvage, a wooden cabinet was revealed, the back of which was still intact, but the shelves collapsed. Archaeologists believe the cabinet had at least four panel doors and contained cooking utensils and dishes for the nearby kitchen. The excavators found a hinge from the housing.

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Other artifacts found in the house include a large fragment of what was a translucent, rimmed plate in brilliant shades of cobalt blue and emerald, and a well-preserved incense burner in the shape of a crib.


Turtle and her egg found in new excavations in Pompeii


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Quote: New Pompeii finds pinnacle of middle-class life in doomed city (2022, Aug. 7) retrieved Aug. 7, 2022 from https://phys.org/news/2022-08-pompeii-highlight-middle-class-life-doomed.html

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